The CSTO-2022 is the result of colossal multi-year joint efforts made by the six member states of the organisation, writes Rashid Alimov, SCO Secretary General (2016-2018). The article was prepared for the Valdai Club Conference with the support of the Russian Foreign Ministry, titled "Collective Security in a New Era: Experience and Prospects of the CSTO".
Making peace is much more difficult than destroying it. When a flock of black crows tried to cover the sun and sky over our brotherly nation Kazakhstan with their wings, the Collective Peacekeeping Forces of the CSTO, like steppe falcons, at the first call demonstrated their unique capabilities to act swiftly, reliably and efficiently. The peacekeeping operation was carried out with filigree precision, without use of force, without losses and with great dignity.
Thanks to joint efforts, the threat to national security and sovereignty of the Republic of Kazakhstan was removed, and the situation in the country was stabilised. What was most important, however, was that the deep and weighty meaning of the alliance was demonstrated, and powerful support was provided to the legitimately elected president.
Undoubtedly, the CSTO operation will go down in history of peacekeeping operations as an exemplary one, for at least three reasons:
- First, the speed of reaction to the emerging security threat facing one of the allies;
Second, it showed the coherence of the actions of all the involved participants: from the state presiding in the CSTO and the heads of the member states of the Organisation to commanders and military personnel;
Third, in terms of the speed of achieving goals and the organised withdrawal of the peacekeeping contingent.
Incidentally, all this provides additional grounds for bringing the issue of connecting the CSTO peacekeeping forces to UN peacekeeping operations to a new, practical level.
If for the region the CSTO peacekeeping operation meant the implementation of one of its statutory tasks, for the outside world the Organisation opened up in a completely new way. Back in July 2021, some experts wondered if the CSTO had a future. After the peacekeeping operation in Kazakhstan the emphasis reversed itself.