In general, the most important issue in the process of forming a new world order is the maintenance and strengthening of mutual trust. Without it, no issues can be resolved and nothing can be done reliably. Mutual trust can develop only in interaction, in discussions, in conversations and negotiations. In general, the new world order means a new mutual trust, writes Valdai Club Chairman Andrey Bystritskiy.
Any time in which people live can and should be called historical. It can also be said that the pace of history is uneven. Sometimes it speeds up, as it is doing today. And then it is felt everywhere; everywhere people feel the passage of time.
Few would contest the fact that the world experiences a rather radical transformation, with a new order taking shape. However, it’s quite another thing how this possible future order is understood. And, more importantly, how it will be created.
On the one hand, there is an obvious desire, primarily among the elites in the Western countries, to correct the current state of affairs; of course, to preserve the contemporary world hierarchy, the ideological and economic superiority of the West. Yes, of course, everyone understands that nothing is permanent in the world, but nevertheless their desire to follow the doctrine of the Western countries’ leadership is quite obvious. To put it simply, many Western politicians have a plan, a model for the future, and they want to convince and force others to follow this plan. They are ready to do this at almost any cost.
On the other hand, there is another, more stochastic, if you like, approach. According to this perspective, the future world order will not arise as a result of the intentions of the Western political elite. It will rather be generated by practical interaction between countries or their associations. In this case, there is no premeditated plan, although certain principles of interaction between various subjects of world politics are mandatory.
In recent years, especially in the wake of the aggravation of the conflict in Ukraine, it has become clear that the world is not simply divided between supporters and opponents of Western leadership, although there are many nuances in this matter. Already there are countries that have actually begun to shape this very new world order. It is clear that over time, more and more countries will be drawn into this process, if only because they will need to solve the problems facing their societies, develop their economies, and establish ties with other countries.
We can clearly see how rapidly, for example, the Middle East is changing: it is obvious that the countries of the region have embarked on a completely independent policy. This, by the way, does not entail confrontation with anyone.
Another macro-region where rapid changes are taking place is Central Asia. The role and importance of this region cannot be overestimated, if only because it is actually located in the centre of Eurasia. According to many historians, world culture originated in Central Asia (among other places). Some of the most basic ancient myths have their roots in this region. For example, the concept of avenging the death of a father or friend: the “old” hero is slain by a foe, and his son or comrade, overcoming incredible difficulties, administers justice. This trope, by the way, many insist is “Western”.
It’s funny, but there is even the opinion that the Homeric story about the one-eyed giant Polyphemus and the creative Odysseus has Central Asian and South Siberian roots. Finally, some scientists believe that metallurgy owes much of its development to the Altai region. From there the metals came, for example, to China.